SB 326

What Are the Penalties for Non-Compliance with SB-721?

Understanding the Consequences of Failing to Comply with SB-721 in Southern California

Southern California is known for its beautiful weather and stunning coastline, making it a popular destination for residents and tourists alike. However, the region’s temperate climate is not without its challenges, particularly regarding the maintenance and safety of buildings, especially multi-family dwellings. To address these concerns, California passed Senate Bill 721 (SB-721) in 2018, which places strict requirements on the inspection and maintenance of decks and balconies. In this article, we will explore the penalties and consequences for non-compliance with SB-721, emphasizing the importance of adhering to these regulations.

The Key Provisions of SB-721

Before delving into the penalties associated with non-compliance, it’s essential to understand the core provisions of SB-721. This legislation was introduced in response to a tragic incident in Berkeley in 2015, where six individuals lost their lives due to a balcony collapse. The law requires that all buildings with three or more multifamily units built before January 1, 2005, must undergo regular inspections of their exterior elevated elements, which include balconies, decks, and walkways. Here are the primary requirements of SB-721:

Inspection Obligation:

Property owners must have their balconies and elevated walkways inspected at least once every six years by a licensed architect, engineer, or contractor. The inspection report must be submitted to the local building department.

Reporting and Repair:

If the inspection reveals any issues, property owners must report them immediately to the local building department. The law also requires prompt repair of any problems, ensuring the safety and structural integrity of these elements.

Tenant Notification:

Tenants must be notified about upcoming inspections, repairs, and any unresolved issues regarding the structural integrity of balconies and decks.

Penalties for Non-Compliance with SB-721

Failing to adhere to SB-721’s requirements can result in severe penalties and consequences, which can have a significant impact on property owners, property managers, and tenants.

Financial Penalties

  1. Fines: Property owners who do not comply with the inspection and reporting requirements could face substantial fines. These fines can vary depending on the severity of non-compliance, but they can reach thousands of dollars. Repeated violations may lead to even higher penalties.
  2. Legal Costs: Non-compliance may also lead to legal costs, including court fees and attorney expenses if property owners are taken to court for failing to address safety concerns or follow the law’s requirements.

Safety Risks

  1. Tenant Safety: The primary motivation behind SB-721 is to ensure the safety of tenants and residents. Failing to comply with these regulations puts occupants at risk of injury or worse, which could lead to costly lawsuits and, more importantly, tragic consequences.
  2. Structural Integrity: Neglecting the maintenance and repair of elevated elements, such as balconies and decks, can lead to their deterioration over time. This deterioration not only poses a danger to those using them but can also result in costly structural repairs and renovations.

Reputation Damage

  1. Reputation Loss: Non-compliance with SB-721 can tarnish a property owner’s reputation, making it difficult to attract new tenants and maintain existing ones. Word spreads quickly in the real estate market, and potential tenants may be hesitant to rent from a property owner known for neglecting safety regulations.
  2. Market Value Impact: Properties not in compliance with SB-721 may experience a drop in market value. Prospective buyers may be less inclined to invest in properties that come with potential legal and safety concerns.


Senate Bill 721, designed to improve the safety of multi-family dwellings in Southern California, has strict requirements for the inspection and maintenance of elevated elements such as balconies and decks. Non-compliance with SB-721 can result in significant financial penalties, safety risks, and damage to a property owner’s reputation. To avoid these consequences, property owners must prioritize regular inspections, timely reporting, and necessary repairs, ensuring the safety and well-being of their tenants while preserving the value of their properties. Compliance with SB-721 is not just a legal obligation but a moral responsibility to create safe and secure living environments for all residents in Southern California.


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